Sunday, March 02, 2014

It Happened One Oscar Night

Clark Gable Claudette Colbert It Happened One Night lobby card photo

In honor of the Oscars Ceremony tonight, today's post is about a 1934 classic that I happily watched again last week, "It Happened One Night." This Frank Capra screwball comedy may seem a bit dated to today's generation because of its 1930's fashion, cheap sets, and old fashioned situations, but thanks to the leads, Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert, it still remains a comic gem. The irony is that neither one of them was very excited to be in the movie. Capra originally wanted Robert Montgomery, not Gable; Montgomery turned the picture down since he thought there had already been ‘too many bus pictures’. Miriam Hopkins, Myrna Loy, and Margaret Sullavan all turned down the female lead; Colbert only accepted it because she was promised a healthy paycheck and a quick shooting schedule. The story of two opposites falling in love has been told many a time since, but rarely as effectively. It was based on the August 1933 short story "Night Bus" by Samuel Hopkins Adams in Hearst's International-Cosmopolitan.

Here's the story in a nutshell: Peter Warne (Gable) is a gruff recently-fired newspaper man who thinks he knows it all; Ellie Andrews (Colbert) is a snooty spoiled heiress on the run from her rich father who refuses to let her marry the man she thinks she loves. The two opposites meet on a bus from Miami to New York City (where her fiancé awaits), and begin their relationship by fighting over a seat on the bus. It isn't long before the gradual disintegration of the animosity begins and the sparks begin to fly.

Clark Gable Claudette Colbert It Happened One Night photo

Clark Gable Claudette Colbert It Happened One Night photo

Things to look for: When on the bus, singing "The Flying Trapeze" song, the bus is moving and the driver is moving the wheel as though steering, but throughout the entire song, the scenery outside never moves. In the exterior view of the bus running off the road (after "The Flying Trapeze" song), the driver is a different person and the curtain that is behind him in the interior view is missing.

The scene where the two must sleep in a haystack is one of my favorite; the soft lighting is absolutely beautiful, giving it a magical glow. This photo is extremely posed, and doesn't give a true representation of what the scene is about:

Clark Gable Claudette Colbert It Happened One Night photo

The film is probably most famous for its hitchhiking sequence, where the know-it-all Warne decides to teach Ellie how to hitch a ride. It was filmed at Franklin Canyon Park, near Benedict Canyon at the eastern end of the Santa Monica Mountains. Once again, the posed publicity shot is at odds with what we see on screen:

Clark Gable Claudette Colbert It Happened One Night photo

The actual scene:

After getting picked up by a passing motorist (Alan Hale, the father of Alan Hale, Jr., the Skipper from "Gilligan's Island"), Ellie teases Peter, who she has just shown up with her shapely gams:

Clark Gable Claudette Colbert It Happened One Night photo

Ellie: Aren't you going to give me a little credit?
Peter: What for?
Ellie: I proved once and for all that the limb is mightier than the thumb.
Peter: Why didn't you take off all your clothes? You could have stopped forty cars.
Ellie: Well, ooo, I'll remember that when we need forty cars.

Because it was filmed pre-code, before the censors started clamping down heavily on movies, "It Happened One Night" has some very frank dialogue and situations. A year later, the scene with Gable undressing in front of Colbert, threatening to take off his pants, too, would most likely have been deleted. It has often been stated that Gable undressing to reveal himself barechested with no undershirt adversely effected the sales of undershirts nationwide.

Clark Gable Claudette Colbert It Happened One Night photo

Another classic scene is where Peter attempts to show Ellie how to properly dunk her donuts. It's a very short and simple scene, but effectively shows how the dynamics of the relationship are shifting. Colbert is masterful with her looks at Gable; you can see that she has begun to fall for him.

Clark Gable Claudette Colbert It Happened One Night photo

Peter: Say, where'd you learn to dunk? In finishing school?
Ellie: Aw, now don't you start telling me I shouldn't dunk.
Peter: Of course you shouldn't - you don't know how to do it. Dunking's an art. Don't let it soak so long. A dip and [he stuffs the donut in his mouth] plop, in your mouth. You let it hang there too long, it'll get soft and fall off. It's all a matter of timing. Aw, I oughta write a book about it.
Ellie: [laughs] Thanks, professor.
Peter: Just goes to show you - twenty millions, and you don't know how to dunk.
Ellie: Oh, I'd change places with a plumber's daughter any day.

Things to look for: When Peter is making breakfast for Ellen, as the table is first set, there are six doughnuts on the plate in the lower left corner of the screen, but when they sit and begin eating and discussing what there is to eat, there are only two.

After filming was completed, Colbert complained to her friend, "I just finished the worst picture in the world." Capra's initial trepidation about the film was erased once word of mouth got out. Ticket sales slowly picked up speed and it turned out to be a major (and prestigous) hit for Columbia, previously known as one of the B-Movie Poverty Row studios.

On Oscar night, the film became the first movie to receive what is known as a "clean sweep," taking home Academy Awards for the top 5 categories: Best Picture, Best Director (Capra), Best Actor (Gable), Best Actress (Colbert), and Best Adapted Screenplay (Robert Riskin). Confident that she wouldn't win, Colbert decided not to attend the February 27th ceremony at the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles, and instead planned to take her long awaited vacation, a cross-country railroad trip. When she was unexpectedly named the winner, studio chief Harry Cohn sent someone to "drag her off" the train (which fortunately had not yet left the station). Colbert arrived wearing a non-red-carpet-worthy two-piece traveling suit (created by Paramount Pictures costume designer, Travis Banton). A 6-year-old Shirley Temple handed her the statuette, photos were taken, and she promptly left to resume her vacation.

Shirley Temple Claudette Colbert 1935 Oscars photo

Jess In A Yellow Dress was the only place I could find anything resembling a clip from that night:

Shirley Temple Claudette Colbert 1935 Oscars photo

According to The Date Report, Colbert and husband fell victim to the Oscar Curse that supposedly states actresses who win the award for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress are much more likely to lose their significant other following the big win.

Clark Gable Claudette Colbert 1934 It Happened One Night photo

Another interesting tidbit: In a 1975 interview, Warner Bros. animation director Bob Clampett stated that he based Bugs Bunny's characteristic carrot-munching technique on this scene where Gable chomps on a carrot.

Bug Bunny carrot photo

See more vintage & current Classic Movie & TV photos on my main website.

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PsySocDisney said...

One of my favorites due to its great wit. Thanks for the variety of info! Happy Oscar Night!

Major Pepperidge said...

This is one of those movies that I like to revisit every few years (like "Roman Holiday").

beachgal said...

Men's T-shirts didn't came back into vogue until 1951 when Brando wore his In Streetcar Named Desire! For most they think of Gone With the Wind as 'the' Gable movie - for me, it will always be this one - 'It Happened One Night!' Our popcorn is ready for tonight - the Red Carpet is already started!!! This is one of the rare nights each year I eat Pizza, hot dogs or whatever I feel like - I am NOT cooking! I will always cherish the night in 1962 when I went to the Santa Monica Civic with my Dad (mom gave up her ticket so I could go) - I was Dad's 'date' to the Academy Awards - it was of course 'star studded.' Folks didn't all arrive in limos back then they like do now - I saw Lee Marvin drive himself up to the drop off with a date in his Jaguar and toss the keys to a parking attendant! I knew him from a bunch of TV shows and dad told me that night 'that guy's going to be a big hit in movies!' The big winner (and the big movie for that year's awards) was West Side Story! Both the then TV hot doctors Vince Edwards and Richard Chamberlain were there - Bob Hope MCed of course, and Andy Williams sang Moon River to us all that night - it won the award for Best Song too! I've been lucky to go a few times since, but none were nearly as exciting as that night on my dad's arm!

Lizzy Tex Borden said...

This was an awesone post. Gable and Colbert are both so darn cute.


Dave DeCaro said...

Beachgal - As always, your memories and experiences are so much fun to read!

JG said...

A house favorite for sure. We watched it not long ago, laughing at the sad scenery and props, etc. But, those don't make a movie, the story and the acting do that. This is one of the best.

I really appreciate the turn toward film you have taken recently. We have watched or re-watched several on your recommendations and have enjoyed them very much.